What is the Criminal Justice Act (2003)?
The Criminal Justice Act (2003) was a piece of English legislation that was passed in its titular year of 2003 by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Criminal Justice Act not only provided an adjustment to the preexisting statutory legislation with regard to the previous criminal justice system undertaken within the United Kingdom, but also enacted mandatory adjustments of legal protocol with regard to both legal professionals and individuals suspected of crime participating within legal hearings.
The 6 Components of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)
Within the Criminal Justice Act, there exist 6 primary reforms that were set forth through the passing of this legislation. The Criminal Justice System enacted within the United Kingdom is considered to be the primary institution responsible for the regulation and oversight of the legal process in adherence to applicable criminal law.
Bail Adjustment in the Criminal Justice Act (2003)
The standards for eligibility with regard to an individual desiring to post bail were amended as a result of the Criminal Justice Act. Bail is defined as a legal instrument allowing the arrestee to furnish a payment to the court in lieu of remaining incarcerated prior to the trial.
However, the Criminal Justice Act imposed legal statutes prohibiting the award of bail to individuals suspected of criminal activities involving narcotics classified as ‘A-class Narcotics’, as well as individuals suspected of criminal activity, upon conviction, which would result in incarceration.
Investigative Adjustment in the Criminal Justice Act (2003)
The standards for the collection of fingerprints and supplemental DNA samples from suspected criminals was amended within the Criminal Justice Act (2003). The adjustments expressed within the Criminal Justice Act allowed for the legal collection of both.
Evidence Disclosure Adjustment in the Criminal Justice Act (2003)
The Criminal Justice Act mandated that any nature of evidence in possession of the prosecution, regardless of the extent of its use within a trial, will be required to be disclosed to the defense in order to enact stronger testimony on the part of the defense witnesses.
Indictment Adjustment in the Criminal Justice Act (2003)
The Criminal Justice Act remanded the requirement for trials to be heard before a jury, which is defined as the legal instrument comprised of a finite amount of citizens chosen to be party to details taking place within a court hearing in order to render a verdict. The Criminal Justice Act expressed that the need for a jury will be at the discretion of the presiding justice or judge.
Remote Hearing Adjustment in the Criminal Justice Act (2003)
The Criminal Justice Act enacted legislation allowing for hearings to be conducted remotely, including televised linking, in the event that the defendant is not physically present in the legal venue.
Sentencing Adjustment in the Criminal Justice Act (2003)
With regard to specific criminal activity, including the operation of a motor vehicle, the possession of firearms and the possession of narcotics and controlled substances, the presiding judge will be required to institute uniform and standardized minimum sentencing.