Meaning of Criminal Convictions
The ability of a court of law to bring criminal convictions against individuals or groups subject to its authority and accordingly modify its legal status is typically conceived of as an essential component of the modern nation-state and the concept of the so-called “rule of law.”
The threat of criminal convictions being applied is thus a means through which governments can compel adherence to their statutes put in law, with the stated purpose of providing for the safety and liberty of others, as well as toward investing the government with legal effectiveness.
Moreover, the U.S. and other nations have emphasized the benefits of a legal system which can bring criminal convictions and penalties based on them against its citizens through the jury system, in which a group of citizens of the country, typically 12, are given the authority to decide on the applicability of the legal system’s case.
Appeals Against Criminal Convictions
Another legal measure designed to make criminal convictions less onerous to those potentially affected by them and more responsive to the wishes of the populace is the allowance for appellate sections of the legal system to overturn criminal convictions. Criminal convictions may typically be overturned on the basis of the case having been transacted wrongfully.
Areas of the Law Not Involving Criminal Convictions
The legal system includes a sector which possesses a degree of compulsory force but not the ability to bring criminal convictions, as is referred to the civil law aspect of the legal system.